Letter to the Editor in reference to: “Eustachian tube dysfunction: Consensus statement on definition, types, clinical presentation and diagnosis”Dear Editor,After reading the editorial comment article entitled, “Eustachian tube dysfunction: Consensus statement on definition, types, clinical presentation and diagnosis” published in Clinical Otolaryngology (2015;40 (5): 407–411), I would like to congratulate the authors for their successful consensus, and I wish to make some contributions to the discussion.In the editorial comment article, alternobaric vertigo (ABV) was left off the consensus statement, even though baro-challenge-induced Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) was mentioned. I believe ABV deserves wider recognition, even in 2021. ABV was first defined by Dr. Lundgren in 1965 to describe vertigo in deep-sea divers.1 It is also used to describe vertigo experienced by aviators.2 In both instances, ABV is defined as dizziness which occurs as a result of asymmetrical middle ear pressures.2 The definition is practical because it is often unfeasible to clearly distinguish between unilateral ETD and bilateral ETD.In 1942, Dr. Merica declared that vertigo caused by Eustachian tube obstruction is a distinct clinical entity and mentioned that it is caused in most (and perhaps all) instances by unilateral Eustachian tube obstruction, or by more complete obstruction one side than the other.3 Eustachian tube obstruction may cause unilateral or bilateral vestibulopathy. The patient-reported Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7)4 system for quantitative ETD-related symptoms assessment omits vertigo, so it does not provide the crucial information needed to assess ETD. Merica also mentions that cases of insidious ABV onset are most likely to be overlooked because gastrointestinal symptoms are predominant.3 One of the most important reasons for assessing Eustachian tube function is the need to make a differential diagnosis in patients with intact tympanic membrane without evidence of otitis media, but with symptoms potentially related to ETD (including vertigo).2 In a review article, Mallen and Roberts conclude that ABV should be differentiated from peripheral causes such as Menière’s disease, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and vertebrogenic dizziness, as well as central disorders.5In 2012, Dr. Bluestone observed that persistent ABV at ground level is associated with abnormal vestibular function. He demonstrated that normalizing bilateral middle ear pressure returns vestibular function to normal which completely resolves vertigo.2 In fact, the condition can often be completely resolved by Eustachian tube catheterization.2,3I would like to propose that ABV be included in the ETD Consensus Statement as an official symptom of ETD, and that Eustachian tube catheterization also be recommended as a method for diagnosis and management of ETD.References1. Lundgren C. Alternobaric vertigo—a diving hazard. Brit Med J 1965; 2:511–513.2. Bluestone C. Eustachian tube: Structure, function, and role in Middle Ear Disease. 2nd ed. Raleigh, North Carolina: People Medical Publishing House USA; 2018.3. Merica F. Vertigo due to obstruction of the Eustachian tubes. JAMA 1942; 118(15):1282–1284.4. McCoul E, Anand V, Christos P.Validating the clinical assessment of eustachian tube dysfunction: the Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7). Laryngoscope 2012; 122, 1137–11415. Mallen J, Roberts D. SCUBA Medicine for Otolaryngologists: Part II. Diagnostic, Treatment, and Dive Fitness Recommendations. Laryngoscope 2019; 9999:1–6.