Abstract Background: Currently, the most common surgical modalities used for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis resection are microdebrider, CO2 laser, and KTP laser. However, complication rates vary among different surgical modalities and have been controversial in different studies. Objective of review: This study systematically reviews the available studies which reported intraoperative and postoperative complications, aiming to compare the safety of microdebrider, CO2 laser, and KTP laser. Type of review: Meta-analysis. Search strategy: Seven electronic databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE[Ovid], Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) were searched from inception through April 28th,2022. Randomized controlled, prospective or retrospective observational studies that recorded the complications of three different surgical modalities for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis resection were included in the meta-analysis. Evaluation method: Outcomes of interest were intraoperative and postoperative complications, and complication rate was calculated to evaluate the safety of surgical methods. Results: Twenty different studies was included in quantitative synthesis. Only one study compared outcomes of those three kinds of treatment modalities simultaneously, two studies compared microdebrider and CO2 laser, and the remaining studies focused on only one of three treatments. The weighted average complication rate for microdebrider was 0.03(95% confidence interval [CI] 0.00-0.21), n = 6, for CO2 laser treatment was 0.16 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09-0.25), n = 14，and for KTP laser treatment was 0.04 (95% CI 0.00-0.14), n =4. Conclusion：The limited evidence demonstrated that CO2 lasers in the surgical treatment of RRP may lead to more surgical complications, and microdebrider and KTP lasers may be safer. However, the heterogeneous data limits any strong comparison of outcomes of different treatment of laryngeal papillomas. Future randomised controlled trials that directly compare the safety of different surgical modalities are needed.