Background: Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) is a useful Clinical Decision Support Tool (CDST) to identify traumatic brain injuries and reduce the use of head CT scans among pediatric patients. The present Meta-analysis aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the PECARN rule from 2009 to 2020 in children with a very low risk of blunt head trauma. Methods: A detailed search was conducted from the databases of Medline (via PubMed), Cinahl (via Ebsco), Scopus, Web of Sciences, from 2009 till the end of December 2020 using the keywords like decrease use of CT scan, blunt head trauma (BHT) combined with accuracy, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) OR Clinical Decision Support Tool (CDST). Studies showing the diagnostic accuracy of the PECARN rule in children younger than 18 years of age with minor BHT were included. Results: 13 studies were included in the present analysis. Pooled sensitivity of 0.08, (95% confidence interval of 0.074 - 0.087), pooled specificity of 0.20 ( 95% CI of 0.196 - 0.213) and diagnostic odds ratio of 0.004 (95% CI of 0.000-0.1666) was in <2 years of age. The overall sensitivity of 0.07, specificity of 0.66, and diagnostic odds ratio of 0.54 (95% CI of 0.10 -2.78) was seen in ≥2 years of age. Overall sensitivity of 0.13 (95% CI 0.12-0.14), specificity of 0.81 (95% CI 0.80-0.82) and diagnostic odds ratio of 0.79 (95% CI of 0.08 -7.71) was in 0-18 years of age. Conclusion: The present analysis indicates the PECARN decision tool as an accurate CDST in low-risk minor blunt head trauma cases in children below two years of age and can become a useful tool in reducing Head CT’s scan overuse in pediatric emergency departments.
Aim Sacroiliac joint dysfunction is an especially common cause of pain during pregnancy. Treatment options during pregnancy are very limited in order to reduce pain and increase the quality of life. We aimed to determine the efficacy of kinesiotaping (KT) in the treatment of sacroiliac joint pain in pregnant women. Methods A total of 50 pregnant women with sacroiliac joint pain were included in the study. Patients were randomized into two groups as KT and sham KT groups. Women in the KT group underwent a total of five weeks of KT once per week; the sham KT group also underwent five weeks of KT applications, but without tension in the kinesiotape. Patients were assessed before and five weeks after the treatment with a visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) for disability and quality of life. Results The KT and sham KT groups were similar in terms of age, parity, gravidas, gestational week, and body mass index. At the beginning of the study, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in their VAS, RMDQ, or PGQ scores. Five weeks later, the KT group showed significant improvement in all parameters, but no significant differences were observed for the sham KT group in terms of VAS, RMDQ, or PGQ. Conclusions KT treatment improved the pain levels, functioning, and quality of life among pregnant women with sacroiliac joint pain. Keywords Sacroiliac joint pain; Pregnancy; Kinesiotaping
Background: Injury represents 260,000 hospitalisations and $27 billion in healthcare costs each year in Canada. Evidence suggests that there is significant variation in the prevalence of hospital admissions among ED presentations between countries and providers but we lack data specific to injury admissions. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of potentially low-value injury admissions following injury in a Canadian provincial trauma system, identify diagnostic groups contributing most to low-value admissions and assess inter-hospital variation. Methods: We conducted a retrospective multicenter cohort study based on all injury admissions in the Québec trauma system (2013-2018). Using literature and expert consultation, we developed criteria to identify potentially low-value injury admissions. We used a multilevel logistic regression model to evaluate inter-hospital variation in the prevalence of low-value injury admissions with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). We stratified our analyses by age (1-15; 16-64; 65-74; 75+ years). Results: The prevalence of low-value injury admissions was 16% (n=19,163) among all patients, 26% (2136) in children, 11% (4695) in young adults and 19% (12,345) in older adults. Diagnostic groups contributing most to low-value admissions were mild traumatic brain injury in children (48% of low-value pediatric injury admissions; n=922), superficial injuries (14%, n=660) or minor spinal injuries (14%, n=634) in adults aged 16-64, and superficial injuries in adults aged 65+ (22%, n=2771). We observed strong inter-hospital variation in the prevalence of low-value injury admissions (ICC=37%). Conclusion: One out of six hospital admissions following injury may be of low-value. Children with mild traumatic brain injury and adults with superficial injuries could be good targets for future research efforts seeking to reduce health care services overuse. Inter-hospital variation indicates there may be an opportunity to reduce low-value injury admissions with appropriate interventions targeting modifications in care processes.
Objective:After radical prostatectomy,prostate-specific antigen(PSA) value measuring ≥0.1ng/ml is defined as persistent PSA(pPSA) and in many studies,it was found to be associated with aggressive disease and poor prognosis.Our aim in this study is to point out the pathological and clinical factors affecting pPSA among the patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy(RARP) in an experienced academic center and to make a nomogram,predicting pPSA value based on operative data,useful. Methods:We examined records of 1273 patients who underwent RARP retrospectively. Preoperative,operative,and postoperative data were collected.Based on the PSA values (ng/ml) measured after 4-to-8 weeks of RARP,patients were divided into 2 groups as pPSA group (Group1)(n=97) with PSA values ≥0.1ng/ml and undetectable PSA group (Group2)(n=778) with PSA values <0.1ng/ml.Later on,Group1 was further divided into Group1a (PSA:0.1-0.2ng/ml) and Group 1b (PSA≥0.2ng/ml) to evaluate biochemical recurrence(BCR). Results:Multivariate logistic regression analyses of the collected data revealed that PSA>20ng/ml,operation time,a postoperative international society of urological pathology (ISUP) grade of ≥4, pT 3-4, and pN were independently associated with pPSA.According to the results, a nomogram predicting pPSA was developed(Table 4).By looking at the nomogram pPSA was found in 98.9% of the cases with a PSA value of ≥20ng/ml, an operation time of 150 minutes, a postoperative ISUP grade of 4-5, a positive lymphovascular invasion (LVI) status, pT3-T4, and pN+; while pPSA was found in 25.5% of the cases with a PSA value of <20 ng/ml, an operation time of 100 minutes, a postoperative ISUP grade of <4-5, a negative LVI status, pT<3-4, and pN-.The estimated BCR-free survival time was 16.3 months in Group 1a and 57.0 months in Group2 (p<0.001).Adjuvant treatment ratio was 64.9% in Group1 and 7.1% in Group2 (p<0.001). Conclusion:For the patients who underwent RARP,factors associated with aggressive disease can predict the PSA persistence.To plan our treatment modalities accurately,an applicable nomogram in daily practice would be useful.
Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a single physician-led weight loss program in a primary care. Methods This is a retrospective analysis of 300 patients with a BMI >30 kg/m2 in an outpatient weight loss program. Weight loss interventions included lifestyle counseling and pharmacotherapy. Outcomes were assessed based on percentage weight change during a time period of two consecutive visits less than 90 days. Results We found that 57.7%, 43.3% and 16.1% patients who attended the clinic 5 or more times, 4-5 times, 2-3 times respectively achieved 5% weight loss (p < 0.0001). In regard to achieving 10% weight loss, 42.3%, 8.7% and 4.3% patients who attended the clinic 5 or more times, 4-5 times and 2-3 times did it respectively (p<0.0001). Moreover 60% of patients achieved 5% of weight loss in about 200 days, and 40% achieved 10% weight loss in 350 days. Patients who achieved 5% weight loss, their average A1c was reduced to 5.8 at their last visit from 6.4 at the first visit. Conclusions A single physician-led weight loss program is effective and can be created within a primary care setting to achieve 5-10% weight loss.
Background: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of medium power (MP) holmium laser devices in the enucleation of the enlarged prostate (HoLEP) adenomas compared to high power (HP) laser devices. Methods: Based on the device power used, a total of 120 patients were divided randomly into two groups. While patients in Group 1 were treated with a MP device (50 W) at 39.6-W (2.2J / 18Hz ), patients in Group 2 were treated with HP (100W) device at 42W (1.2J / 35Hz). Peri- and postoperative parameters were well evaluated in both groups with an emphasis on enucleation efficiency and hemoglobin decrease in a comparative manner. Results: Peri- and postoperative parameters as well as functional results were similar in the two groups. The median enucleation efficiency (EE) values in Group 1 and Group 2 were 1.15 (IQR: 0.33-2.2) and 1.11 (IQR: 0.4-2.8), respectively (p=0.775). Hemoglobin decrease values in Group 1 and Group 2 were 1.3 (IQR: 0.1-4) and 1.4 (IQR: 0.4-3.1), respectively (p=0.736). Significant improve in the postoperative functional parameters were noted again in both groups. Conclusion: Our results indicate well that similar to the HP laser devices, effective and safe removal of the enlarged prostate adenomas with MP laser devices (50W) is possible without any technical difficulties, even in patients receiving antithrombotic therapy.
Abstract Aims: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is usually defined by two or more consecutive clinical miscarriages, which causes psychological trauma for couples. In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive role of Fibrinogen to albumin ratio (FAR) in patients with RPL. Methods: Pregnant women in their first trimester of pregnancy were included in the study and divided in to two groups as RPL patients (n:44) and patients with no previous recurrent miscarriage (n:60) as control group. Demographical parameters and routine blood parameters (fibrinogen, D-dimer, fibrinogen to albumin ratio (FAR), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet count, main platelet volume (MPV), and red cell distribution width (RDW) values) were compared between the RPL group and the control group. Results: The groups were determined to be statistically different in regards to gravidity and parity (p<0.05). The difference between the groups was statistically different in regards to fibrinogen (mg/dl), albumin (g/dl), FAR (%), NLR (%), RDW-coefficient of variation (CV) (%), RDW-standard deviation (SD) (fL), and platelet counts (10-3/ uL). However, MPV (fL) and D-dimer (ug/L) levels were similar in both groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed that the NLR levels were 84.1% sensitive and 75% specific with a cut-off value of 4.27 and the FAR levels were 79.5% sensitive and 88.3% specific with a cut-off value of 105.69 for predicting RPL. Conclusion: Our results indicate that the FAR and NLR levels seem to be effective parameters for predicting RPL with high sensitivity and specificity.
Context: Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MISC) is a newly and rising condition, particularly in SARS-CoV-2 high transmission communities. Objective: Analyze current literature and reported cases of MISC, concerning its clinical spectrum, complications associated, therapeutic strategies and distinguishing features of other clinical syndromes. Data Sources: Extensive literature research was performed in MEDLINE (trough PubMed), Scopus and Web of Science from December 2019 to December 2020.Study Selection: First analysis included all article titles and abstracts screening to identify relevant studies and second analysis included a full text screening of previous selected studies. Eligibility was assessed independently by two authors and disagreements were resolved by discussion and consensus. Data Extraction: Data were extracted on MISC definition, demographic data, clinical features, diagnostic tests, laboratory analysis andimaging, therapeutical approach and outcomes. Results: Common symptoms included: gastrointestinal (70%), rash (57%) and cardiovascular (52% with shock). Notable differences with Kawasaki Disease were identified including age, clinical presentation and cardiac involvement. 30% presented positive SARS-CoV-2 2 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and 51% positive serologies. 62% received intravenous immunoglobulin and 42% glucocorticoids. 62% required intensive care, 21 children died (<2%). Severe presentations were associated with neurological symptoms, hepatitis and acute kidney injury. Limitations: As a recently documented disease, there was limited prospective and follow-up studies, therefore disregarding long-term sequelae and prognosis. Conclusions: MISC raises concern on its severe cardiac involvement at presentation, with frequent intensive care and immunomodulatory therapy need. Short term outcomes seem to be favorable, with cardiac disfunction recovery and low mortality rates.
Introduction: The covid-19 disease is a pandemic threat for humanity’s healthcare system, social, economic, and psychological well-being for both developed and developing nations. In the case of developing nations such as the resource of Ethiopia, however, the key obstacle is to buy the vaccine and administer it to their people.. In the study area, however, the degree of adherence to the covid-19 preventive measure was not well established. The aim of this study is to determine adherence to covid-19 prevention measures in Hossana town. Methods: From 3 to 29 January 2021, a community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among individuals living in the Hosanna town. We used a sample size of 384. The sample size was distributed to all 8 kebeles in proportion to the size of the households contained in each kebele in the town of Hossana. Systematic sampling methods were used and both descriptive and advanced analysis, data was entered into Epi-data and exported to SPSS. Binary logistic regression was used to identify variables associated with adherence to preventive measures for covid-19. Result: 50.4% of the study participants had good adherence with the COVID-19 preventive measures. 145 (38.5%) of all respondents had poor knowledge on COVID-19 preventive measures and 40.3 % had poor COVID-19 transmission methods knowledge. Age [AOR: 0.34; 95 % CI (0.131-0.912)], educational status [AOR: 0.32; 95% CI (0.165-0.632)], marital status [AOR: 2; % CI (1.191-3.803)], family size [AOR: 2.4; % CI (1.322-4.366)]] and covid-19 complication [AOR: 0.49: 95% CI (0.242-0.979)]] were significantly associated with covid-19 prevention measurement adherence in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: This study found that approximately half of the participants had poor adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures. Factors associated with covid-19 preventive measures were age, educational age, marital status, family size, and heard about complication of COVID-19 were associated with preventive measures.
Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of radiological staging, especially renal venous and perirenal fat invasion, in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Material & Methods: Data of 4823 renal tumor patients from Renal Tumor Database of Association of Uro-oncology in Turkey were evaluated. Of 4823 patients, 3309 RCC patients had complete radiological and histopathological data were included to this study. The Pearson Chi-squared test (χ2) was used to compare radiological and histopathological stages. Results: The mean (SD) age of 3309 patients was 58 (12.3). Preoperative radiological imaging was performed using computed tomography (CT) (n=2510, 75.8%) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (n=799, 24.2%). There was a substantial concordance between radiological and pathological staging (к=0.52, p<0.001). Sensitivities of radiological staging in stage I, II, III and IV were 90.7%, 67.3%, 27.7% and 64.2%, respectively. The sensitivity in stage III was lower than the other stages. Sub-analysis of stage IIIa cases revealed that, for perirenal fat invasion and renal vein invasion, sensitivity values were 15.4% and 11.3%, respectively. Conclusions: There was a substantial concordance between radiological (CT and/or MRI) and pathological T staging in RCC. However, this is not true for T3 cases. Sensitivity of preoperative radiological imaging in patients with pT3a tumors is insufficient and lower than the other stages. Consequently, preoperative imaging in patients with T3 RCC has to be improved, in order to better inform the patients regarding prognosis of their disease.
Background: CRC incidence is increasing in our region. There is no specific CRC control program or national cancer registry in Pakistan. Previously no data has been published on presentation and diagnosis delay of CRC in our region. This study is conducted to determine the factor affecting delay in presentation and diagnosis and to provide baseline information to launch a CRC control program. Primary objective is to determine factor causing delay in diagnosis of CRC. Secondary objective is to evaluate relationship between tumor site and stage of CRC with presenting symptoms and symptom duration. Methods: This project is a prospective cross-sectional study on 113 biopsy-proven CRC patients admitted to the surgical ward of civil hospital Karachi. Results: A total number of participants was 113. Presentation delay was observed in 83.2% of patients. The main reasons for a reported delay in the presentation were lack of patients’ knowledge that these symptoms may be cancer (60.4%), the wrong diagnosis by the primary physician (34.6%), or the patient didn’t want to visit the doctor (0.04%). Most tumors (95%) originated from the sigmoid and rectum. 38.9% and 44.2% of the patients diagnosed at Stage 4 and 3 respectively. Conclusions: This study revealed that CRC patients in Pakistan are facing delays in presentation and diagnosis. This is the reason behind diagnosis at the advanced stage with a poor prognosis. Based on this study findings CRC control program should be introduced to detect CRC at an early stage. Keywords: Colorectal cancer, Colon, Rectum, Cancer, Presentation delay, Diagnosis delay.
Objective Although it may have been criticized and questioned by numerous authors, external fixation holds its place in modern orthopaedics and traumatology. The aim of this paper is to show the applicability of the unilateral 3D external fixation in everyday practice. Methods For external fixation of the bones, we used unilateral 3D external fixators according to Mitkovic. Results In the Republic of Serbia, the Mitkovic unilateral 3D external fixation system has been used in over 30,000 cases. The indication field of applicability of this method is wide. External fixation method was mostly used for the treatment of open and closed tibial fractures at all levels, in open femoral fractures as a part of the “staging” protocol and in fractures of the upper limbs. We used external fixation for the treatment of nonunions, malunions, in the treatment of osteitis, septic pseudoarthrosis, angular knee deformities, post-traumatic deformities, for limb lengthening and in replantation surgery. Conclusion The unilateral external fixator enables 3D biomechanical stability and is suitable for use in everyday traumatology and orthopaedics practice.
Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) which is characterized by persistent airflow restriction and respiratory symptoms. Studies demonstrated that cardiac arrhythmias, cardiovascular mortality and cardiac death increased in these patients due to altered myocardial repolarization. Frontal QRS-T angle is a novel marker of myocardial depolarization and repolarization heterogeneity. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between frontal QRS-T angle and COPD severity in patients with newly diagnosed COPD. Methods: A total of 104 newly diagnosed COPD patients without any significant comorbidities were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to GOLD stage as follows: patients with mild and moderate COPD (group I) and severe and very severe COPD (group II). Frontal QRS-T angle was calculated from the automatic report of the electrocardiography device . Results: Frontal QRS-T angle was significantly higher in group II patients compared to in group I patients (43.0 [25.5-60.0] vs. 20.0 [12.0-32.0], P < 0.001). The best cut-off value of frontal QRS-T angle for predicting severe-very severe COPD was ≥ 34.5°. Correlation analysis showed that frontal QRS-T angle was negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC (r = –0.524, P < 0.001) and MEF25-75 (r = –0.453, P < 0.001). In linear regression analysis, It was found that MEF25-75 (β: –0.593, P = 0.006) was the only independent predictor of the frontal QRS-T angle. Conclusions: Frontal QRS-T angle, an easily obtainable marker form surface electrocardiography. In this study, we have shown for the first time that frontal QRS-T angle was significantly increased in patients with severe and very severe COPD.
Background: To determine the frequency of breastfeeding of mothers working in primary care, the differences between different employment groups, and the effective factors. Methods: This descriptive research study was conducted with a self-report online survey design. The snowball sampling method was used for the sample selection, and 151 family physicians and 126 family health professionals were included in the study during the research period (June 2019-December 2019). A 35-item survey was used to collect data. The response rate was 44.9% (49.5% family physicians/40.3% family health professionals). Results: The mean duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 3.9 ± 2.0 months, and the mean duration of total breastfeeding was 16.7 ± 8.5 months. There was no significant difference between the family physicians and family health professionals in terms of exclusive breastfeeding (P = 0.580) and total breastfeeding (P = 0.325) durations. The most common reasons for weaning was reduced milk supply (25.6%) and not being able to use breastfeeding leave (23.1%) due to problems at work. Of the sample, 41.3% had problems with their co-workers and 41.9% had problems related to patient care when taking breastfeeding leave. Working in a baby-friendly center (P = 0.010), prolonged exclusive breastfeeding (P < 0.001), and increased hours of breastfeeding leave taken (P = 0.001) had a positive effect on breastfeeding for ≥24 months while experiencing problems with co-workers in taking breastfeeding leave (P = 0.023) had a negative effect on this variable. Conclusions: All of the factors that were determined to affect the continuation of breastfeeding for ≥24 months are modifiable. It is very important for relevant authorities to undertake necessary action to improve the conditions of working mothers based on these results. Health professional that can maintain the balance between family and work will work more efficiently.
Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency virus is a chronic infection that attacks the immune system of the human body, particularly CD4 T lymphocytes. Combined antiretroviral therapies are highly effective in virological suppression of human immunodeficiency virus infection. It has been shown that some retroviral therapies have a higher nephrotoxicity potential. As a result of renal injury, serum creatinine increases, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate is reduced. The aim of our study was to assess changes in kidney function during a 24-month period in HIV-positive patients who were begun on combined antiretroviral therapy. Material-method: A total of 127 HIV positive patients were enrolled. The patients were divided into five groups; patients who received no therapy were designated as Group 1; those that received Dolutegravir/Abacavir/Lamivudine combination as Group 2; those that received Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide Fumarate combination as Group 3; those that received Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Dolutegravir combination as Group 4; and those that received Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Raltegravir combination as Group 5. We compared the effects of these drugs on estimated glomerular filtration rate during a 24-month follow-up period. Results: At the 24th month of therapy, a significant difference was observed between the eGFR levels of the study groups (p:<0.001). eGFR level was significantly higher in Group 4 compared to Groups 1, 2, and 3 (p:0.009, p:<0.001, p:<0.001, respectively) while it was significantly lower in Group 5 than groups 1, 2, and 3 (p:0.005, p:<0.001, p:<0.001, respectively). No significant eGFR difference was found between Group 4 and Group 5 (p>0.05). Serum creatinine level was significantly higher in Groups 4 and 5 compared to the other groups (p<0.001). Conclusion: The use of TDF-containing regimens causes renal dysfunction. Therefore, we recommend close monitoring of renal function, especially in patients treated with TDF.
Aims: The guidelines propose optical dilatation before retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), but there are no evidence-based studies concerning the impact of optical dilatation with semirigid ureteroscopy (sURS) in the literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of optical dilatation through sURS prior to the procedure on the success and complications of RIRS. Methods: In a multicentre retrospective study, 422 patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether sURS was to be performed. Patients’ demographics, stone parameters and operative outcomes were compared. Surgical success was defined as no or up to 3-mm residual stone fragments without the need for additional procedures. The independent predictors for surgical success were determined with a multivariable logistic regression model. Results: Of the 422 patients, 133 (31.5%) were in the sURS group and 289 (68.5%) were in the non-sURS group. Operation time in the sURS group was significantly long (p<0.0001). A ureteral access sheath (UAS) could not be placed in four (3.0%) patients in the sURS group, nor in 25 (8.7%) patients in the non-sURS group (p=0.03). Compared with the non-sURS group, the intraoperative complication rate was low in the sURS group (14 (4.8%) vs 1 (0.8%), p=0.04). The surgical success rate was higher in the sURS group (p=0.002). Nevertheless, sURS had no independent effect on surgical success. We have found two independent predictors for surgical success rate: stone number (p<0.0001, OR:2.28) and failed UAS placement (p=0.035, OR:3.49) Conclusion: Optical dilatation with sURS before RIRS increases surgical success by raising the rate of UAS placement and reducing the rate of intraoperative complications. We suggest that this method can be routinely applied in the group of patients who have not been passively dilated with a JJ stent
Aims: The role of urodynamic studies in the diagnosis and prognosis of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) remains controversial. We evaluated the correlation of baseline voiding dysfunctions with long-term treatment outcome in a large cohort of patients with IC/BPS. Methods: We studied 211 patients with nonulcerative IC/BPS. All patients underwent video urodynamic examination at baseline to identify their voiding conditions and they received subsequent treatments. The primary endpoint was the global response assessment (GRA) at the current interview. Secondary endpoints included O’Leary-Sant score (OSS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain, and the rate of IC symptom flare-up. Results: Mean patient age was 56.8 ± 12.8 years and mean IC symptom duration was 16.0 ± 9.9 years. At baseline, 83 (39.3%) patients had a voiding problem and 62.7% had one to three comorbidities. The duration, comorbidity, treatments, changes in OSS and VAS, maximum bladder capacity (MBC), glomerulations, GRA, and flare-up rate were not significantly different among the different voiding subtypes. When we divided the patients by their voiding conditions of normal (n = 32) and hypersensitive bladder with (n = 76) and without (n = 103) voiding dysfunctions, only MBC (P = 0.002) and glomerulation (P = 0.021) demonstrated a significant difference. When we analyzed subgroups by GRA, patients with a GRA ≥ 2 had a significantly shorter disease duration. There also were significant associations between GRA and the changes in OSS and VAS (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Voiding dysfunctions in patients with non-Hunner IC/BPS do not affect long-term treatment outcome.