Talisa Ragonesi

and 6 more

Objective: This study evaluates the benefits and limitations of selected modalities of digital image enhancement in detection of cholesteatoma remnants during endoscopic ear surgery (EES) and compares their usefulness in recognizing residual disease. Study Design: Cross-sectional study Setting: Tertiary referral hospital Methods: A total of 10 questionnaires of 18 intraoperative pictures with equal numbers of cholesteatoma and non-cholesteatoma images, each presented in three different image enhancing modalities (clara, spectra A, spectra B), were generated. Fifty-one experienced ear surgeons participated in the survey and were randomly assigned to a questionnaire and completed it at two time points. The experts were asked to rate for each picture whether cholesteatoma was present or not. Results Clara showed the highest accuracy in cholesteatoma detection, followed by spectra A and lastly spectra B. In contrast, spectra B showed the highest sensitivity and clara the highest specificity, while spectra A was placed in the middle for both values. Using the spectra B modality, most responses agreed across the two time points,. Ear surgeons assessed the usefulness, as well as preference among image modalities in the following order: clara, spectra B, spectra A. Conclusion The suitability of image enhancement techniques for application in EES could be shown. Clara can be considered the state-of-art technique throughout the procedure and has subjectively been evaluated best by surgeons. Due to its high sensitivity, spectra B is recommended regarding the final check after resection to prevent cholesteatoma residuals.